Little Rock and Arkansas Magnet School Failures 

 

            We have already discovered that the scores in Hot Springs and Texarkana and Jackson, Tennessee, schools that Jonesboro studied as models, have much lower scores than Jonesboro.   Jonesboro's scores are remarkably better than Texarkana in EVERY area, and Jonesboro scores significantly better in 35 of 40 categories than Hot Springs Jackson,

 

Tennessee elementary magnet schools score lower than the state average on their TCAP state tests in EVERY area, 10 to 20 points lower in some areas.  Jonesboro's performance record is higher than the state average in 41 out of 44 areas.

 

Batesville is the only magnet school that scores higher than Jonesboro but only by three points in the overall average of the benchmark scores through 6th grade.  However, their enrollment is half the size of Jonesboro, and they have half the number of minorities and fewer students in poverty. 

 

The study of Little Rock schools will complete the study of magnet schools in Arkansas.  Forrest City and Pine Bluff once had magnet schools, but abandoned them. 

 

We also already discovered that there is a great difference in the racial make-up of the enrollment in magnet schools at Hot Springs, Texarkana, and Batesville so even though magnet schools were originally designed to increase integration; in reality they are resegregating the races.  Batesville has one magnet school with 35% minorities and another with 4% minorities; Hot Springs, one magnet school with 71% minorities and another with 25% minorities, and Texarkana one magnet school with 65% minorities and one with 33% minorities..

 

            From the figures below, one can see just how much disparity in race exists in race, poverty and academic success in magnet schools.  In one Little Rock magnet high school, they have 99.7% minorities; in one middle school they have 90% minorities, and in one elementary school they have 88% minorities.  There is actually a 43.7% difference in the number of minorities in one magnet school vs another.   

 

There seems to be very little academic success in the magnet schools in Arkansas.   In the thirteen magnet schools in Little Rock, nine of them score lower than state average (much, much lower in most cases) on state benchmark and nationally normed tests.  Jonesboro scores higher than state average in about 41 of 44 areas. The three magnet schools in Little Rock that do score as high or higher than the state average have stacked decks like wealthy districts and low minority rates.  (One middle school scores about the same as state average)     Little Rock's per pupil spending is $9,862.00; state average is $7,348; and Jonesboro is $7,293.  Little Rock's poverty rate is 59%, state rate is 53% and Jonesboro's is 54%.

 

Even with the stacked deck, Jonesboro scores higher than Little Rock's highest scoring magnet school in most areas, especially in End of course algebra (by 34 pts) and End of Course Geometry and 11th Literacy by 5 points.   Twenty-six percent of their students taking AP courses pass them; 41 % of Jonesboro student taking AP courses pass them.  And Jonesboro has a smaller percentage of students that need remediation than this high school does.  In one Little Rock magnet high school, McClellan,  only 2 out of  424 students taking AP classes passed them (less than 2 out of 200). McClellan  had an average of  16% of students scoring proficient or above on End of Course in Algebra, Geometry, and 11th Grade Literacy.  Another Little Rock magnet high school,  J.A. Fair, scored only slightly better.

 

The elementary school that has the highest scores in Little Rock District is Williams Traditional Magnet School.  The executive director of the review board on magnet schools in Little Rock said as its name implies, Williams Traditional is like schools used to be, like when she was in school.  She said the parents loved the schools, and there was always a healthy, long waiting list for that school.  One wonders then why there is so much hype about magnet schools and why Jonesboro or other schools would want to change to magnet schools. 

 

And with graduation rates being low in most of the magnet schools (Hot Springs 56% and two high school magnet schools in Little Rock at  64% and 75%,  Batesville 76.1% -   as compared with Jonesboro's 86%, it seems rather obvious that the students are not nearly as excited about the themes and methods of delivery in the magnet schools as those advocating magnet schools in Jonesboro seem to be.  If they were, they would be sticking around to graduate. 

 

  Six of these magnet schools in Little Rock  have been around twenty years, since 1987, and several others for more than ten years.   If they were going to make any difference in balancing race, poverty, or increasing academic scores, they should have been able to do it by now.   For more data and details see information below the links.

 

The performance scores that include graduation rates, remediation rates, poverty rate, and all benchmark and nationally normed tests for all schools or school districts  can be found at this link http://normessasweb.uark.edu/reportcards/select.php

The enrollment by race for all individual schools can be found at this link:http://adedata.k12.ar.us/FY05_06/Schools/Enrollments%20by%20School_report.ADE

The enrollment by by race for school districts can be found at this link: http://adedata.k12.ar.us/FY05_06/District/Enrollment%20by%20District_report.ADE

 

High School magnets in Little Rock:  Racial & poverty balance in the three magnet schools.  Little Rock District  has  - 68% Blacks 68%, 76% Minority, and 59% Poverty  for comparison.

 

 

Middle School Magnets in Little Rock:  Racial & poverty balance:  Five magnet schools.

 

 

Elementary magnets in Little Rock:  Racial & poverty balance among six magnet schools:  Little Rock District  hasBlacks 68%, Minority76%, and Poverty 59% for comparison.  

 

 

Performance Level of magnet schools in Little Rock in their magnet schools.

Little Rock District  has  - Blacks 68%, 76% minority, and Poverty 59%  so you can see how the deck is stacked for success or failure in these schools.

 

High School Magnets Performance Record Little Rock

 

McClellan Magnet -  Graduation Rate 64.1% and college remediation 88.3%.  Ninth through 11th grade average 38.3 points lower than state average on End of Course Algebra, Geometry and Literacy when you average them together.   On NRT Test grade nine is 34% in reading (18 points lower than state average) and 31%  in math ( 24 points lower than state average)  ACT composite score is 16.7 (state average is 20.5)  Note: Less than 1 out of 200 passed the AP test.   424 students at McClelland took  AP courses and only 2 passed the test.  The enrollment is 864 so they put half the students in AP classes that don't have a chance of passing an AP course.  92% black,  99.7% minority, 56% poverty  

       

J. A. Fair High Magnet -  Graduation rate 74.8  and a college remediation rate of  88.7%.    Ninth through 11th grade average 32 points lower below state average on End of Course Algebra, Geometry and Literacy when you average them together. On NRT test grade nine has a 32% on reading (32% below state average) and in math a 27% (28 points below state average)  ACT composite 16.8 (state average is 20.5)

Note:  379 students  took AP courses and only 4 passed.  Enrollment 1169 students. 

86% black, 90% minority, 54% poverty     

                    

Parkview Magnet - Graduation rate 98.6 and a college remediation rate of  48.6%  Ninth grade through 11th grade average 9 points lower than state average on End of Course Algebra, Geometry and Literacy.  On NRT test grade nine has a 59% (7 points above state average) on reading, and a 56 in math (state has a 55% average.)  ACT composite is 21.2 (state average is 20.5. Enrollment  1129

50% black,  56% minority,  22% poverty,          State has 53% poverty  Little Rock district has  - Blacks 68%  ad 76% minority - Poverty 59%  so they are stacking the deck to get these scores.

 

Middle School magnets in Little Rock District District

Henderson Magnet Scores 22 points lower than the  state average on  benchmark test when you average the scores for all grades together.  Scores 28 points lower than state average on nationally normed test (NRT) when you average all grades together.

80% black,  90% minority, 70%  poverty.

 

Mabelvale Magnet - Scores 22 points lower than the  state average on  benchmark test when you average the scores for all grades together.  Scores 28 points lower than state average on nationally normed test (NRT) when you average all grades together.

85% black, 87% minority,  75% poverty  (Henderson and Mabelvale happened to round off to same percentages on scores, so there is no mistake here.)

 

Dunbar Magnet -  Scores  4.8 points lower than  the state average on  benchmark test when you average the scores for all grades together.  Scores 10 points lower than state average on nationally normed test (NRT) when you average all grades together.

 65% black, 73% minority,  49% poverty

 

Mann Magnet -  Scores 6  points higher than  the state average on  benchmark test when you average the scores for all grades together.  Scores 3 points  lower than state average on nationally normed test (NRT) when you average all grades together.

50% black, 57% minority, 37% poverty

 

Elementary magnet school Performance Record Little Rock

Washington Magnet Scores lower than state average in every area and 21 points lower than the state average on the benchmark scores when you average together the scores throughout the elementary grades. Scores lower  in every area on nationally normed test (NRT) by 19 points when you average all the test scores together throughout the elementary grades. in 5gh grade math.  80% black, 88% minority  - poverty 81%.

 

Booker Magnet Scores 9 points lower than state average on the benchmark scores when you average together the scores throughout the elementary grades.  Scores lower than state average by 11 points on the nationally normed test (NRT) when you average the scores throughout elementary grades together. 53% black, 58% minority and 63% poverty 

 

M. L. King Magnet scores about 5 points lower than  state average when you average together on the benchmark throughout the elementary grades and lower than state average in all nationally norm test (NRT) scores. 66% black, 70%minority, and 55% poverty

 

Carver Magnet scores 4 points lower than state average when you average together the scores on the benchmark throughout the elementary grades.  Scores 3.5 points higher than state average on nationally normed test (NRT) when you average the scores throughout elementary grades together.    54% black, 60% minority, and 53% poverty

 

Gibbs Magnet Scores about  2  points higher  than the state average when you average together the scores on the benchmark throughout the elementary grades .  Scores higher than state average on nationally normed test (NRT)  by 8 points when you average the scores throughout elementary grades together. 53% black. 61% minority - 44% poverty 

 

Williams Traditional Magnet Scores 18 points higher the state average in every area  on benchmark test when you average the scores throughout elementary together  and scores 12 points higher than state average on nationally normed test (NRT) when you average them all together.  Note:  this is a traditional education school which the Executive Director of the Magnet Review Board says is like the schools our parents used to go to. She further said that it has a long waiting list at all times 50% black, 62% minority and 34% poverty

 

Magnet Schools in Arkansas

 Little Rock District

(See tables below from ADE website for documentation)

 

Six magnet schools were created as a result of a desegregation court order in 1987 in which all three school districts  in Pulaski County  (Little Rock, Pulaski County, and North Little Rock districts) would participate.  These 5 magnet schools are still in existence and are as follows:  Booker K-5, Carver K-5, Gibbs K-5, Williams K-5 and Mann 6-8, and Parkview 9-12.  They are reported on ADE website as Little Rock District schools. 

Later these magnet schools were added around the mid 90's:  M. L.  King K-5, Washington K-5, Henderson 6-8, Dunbar 6-8, McClellan 9-12, Central  International Studies 9-12 (not Central High though) Then in 2003 or 2004 two more magnet schools were added:  Mabelvale Magnet 6-8 and J. A. Fair 9-12.

Pulaski County District  has only two magnet schools other than the six they participate in through the desegregation order in 1987.  Clinton K-5 and Crystal Kill K-5.  These were created in about the mid 90's.

Hot Springs, Texarkana, and  Batesville Districts:

See tables from ADE website below for documentation on Little Rock magnets

 

The only other districts that have official magnet schools in Arkansas are Hot Springs School District, Texarkana School District, Batesville School District.  Pine Bluff District, and Forrest City once had them but abandoned them.

 

 Hot Springs has four  elementary (K-5)magnet schools:  Gardner: Langston, Oaklawn, and Park.  These magnet schools started in about 2000 to 2001 so (5th graders who were in the first magnet schools are in the 11th grade this year). Hot Springs has a International Baccalaureate (IB) magnet school  in elementary, one IB School in Middle School and an IB school within a school in high school.  The IB middle and high school schools are called academies.

 

Batesville School District has four magnet schools 1-5, two 6th grade magnet schools and two kindergarten magnet schools. West Magnet, 1-5, Central Magnet 1-5, Eagle Mountain Magnet, 1-5 and Sulphur Rock 1-5,  magnet, Batesville Magnet 6th Bgrade , Sulphur Rock magnet -  6th grade and Batesville Kindergarten magnet, and Sulphur Rock Magnet Kindergarten.   They were implemented about 4 years ago, 2002 or 2003

 

Texarkana School district has five elementary magnet schools, Junior High magnet school and high school magnet school  The five elementary magnet schools are College Hill International Baccalaureate IB, Fairview, Vera Kilpatrick, Edward D. Trice, and Union.  North Heights Junior High  International Studies is the middle school and Arkansas High School Magnet Academies and International Studies  is the high school magnet.  These are all called magnet schools on their website.  They are only about three years old.

 

Summary

 

A desegregation order in 1987 ordered stipulated magnet schools  in Little Rock District, Pulaski County District, and North Little Rock District.  All three of these schools provide funding and make up the enrollment of the first six magnet schools listed below.  The others listed below that are purely Little Rock District.

 

Magnet Schools in Little Rock, Pulaski & North Little Rock but considered Little Rock in ADE iformation are the first six listed below. 

 

Booker arts elem K-5

Carver basic Skills/Math Science Magnet K-5

Gibbs International Studies/Foreign Languages Magnet elem K-5

Williams traditional Magnet elem K-5

Mann  Arts ad Science Magnet Middle (6-8)elem

Parkview  Arts and Science Magnet 9-12

 

Later ones for Little Rock District

M.L. King High Intensity Learning Magnet   K-5 - early or mid 90's

Washington Basic Skills Math Science Magnet  K-5 early or mid 90's

 

Henderson Health Science Magnet 6-8 early or mid 90's

McClellan Engineering/Multimedia/Business Finance magnet 9-12 early or mid 90's

Central International Studies Magnet 9-12 founded about 95 Donna Creer said.

 

Dunbar International Studies Middle School 6-8 (Don't know the time but would guess about same time as Central International Studies in 95.)

 

Last ones for Little Rock 2003-2004

 

Mabelvale Environmental Science/Information Technology & Medical

Investigations Magnet 6-8  grant and founded about 2003 or 2004

 

J. A. Fair Environmental Science/Medical Tehcnology/Communications Systems Magnet 9-12  started about 2003 or 2004 (but not sure it may have been magnet school earlier but ADE does not have it as a magnet school so probably not.

 

Pulaski County

Clinton Speech and Communications Magnet K-5 while Clinton still President so in the 90's.

Crystal Hill oral, Written and Visual Communications Magnet PreK-5 and

Pulaski same as above.   (About mid 90's. Clinton came first she said.

 

Notes: Mabelvale magnet, J. A. Fair magnet, and McClellan magnet did not get the 2nd round of MSAP funding (federal grant)ir last round of funding

See tables from ADE website below for documentation

Three districts together, Little Rock, N. Little Rock, and Pulaski County have 52,406 total students,   total blacks 30, 163 or 58% black, 660  Asian or  1%, 2280 Hispanics or 4% Hispanic,  116 Native or .02%  and 19,187 Whites or 37% white and 63% minority and approximately 54% poverty.  State average for poverty is 53%.  Jonesboro has 54% 

Racial and Poverty Percentages in Magnet Schools in Little Rock

 

Little Rock - Blacks 68%  ad 76% minority - Poverty 59% 

North Little Rock  Blacks  58%, 63% minority,   Poverty 59%

Pulaski Black  Blacks 42%,  56% minority   Poverty 49%

 

Magnet schools - Elementry

Williams  233/460 or 50% black, 62% minority. (9% of these are Asiasn)  and 34% poverty - Highest scores

Washington 453/566 or 80% black, 88% minority  - poverty 81% - lowest scores

Gibbs  158/297   53% black. 61% minority - 44% poverty  2nd highest scores (?)

Booker  324/607 or 53% black, 58% minority and 63% poverty  2nd lowest score (?)

Carver   276/513  54% black, 60% minority, and 53% poverty

M. L. King  361/542  66% black, 70%minority, and 55% poverty

 

Highest minority is 88% (Washington)  and lowest minority is 58%  (Booker ) but Williams has only  50% black but has 58% minority but 9% are Asian) at  Highest poverty is 81%  Washington, and lowest is William with 34% poverty.  Washington's poverty doubles that of Williams.

 

Magnet Schools, High School

 

Parkview magnet high school - 50% black,  56% minority,  22% poverty,           Graduation rate 98.6 and remediation rate 48.6%

McClellan magnet high school  92% black,  99.7% minority, 56% poverty          Graduation Rate 64.1% and remediation 88.3

J. A. Fair High School 86% black, 90% minority, 54% poverty                          Graduation rate 74.8  Remediation rate 88.7

Highest minority is McClellan with 99.7% minority and lowest is Parkview with 56% minority and difference of poverty is 34% in the three  high school magnet schools.

For comparison Central High school has 53% black,  and 57% minority and 59% poverty and graduation rate of 69.9% and remediation rate of 60.3%

 

Magnet Schools Middle or Jr. High

Mann Magnet l - 50% black, 57% minority, 37% poverty

Dunbar  Magnet - 65% black,   73% minority,  49% poverty

 

Henderson Magnet, 80% black,  90% minority, 70%  poverty.

or Henderson Magnet Jr. High School as it is in the book or magnet school as it is on enrollment list

 

Mabelvale magnet  -85% black, 87% minority,  75% poverty

 

Highest minority is 90% (Henderson) and  lowest is 57% (Mann).  Highest poverty is 75% (Mabelvale) and lowest is 37% (Mann) 38% disparity.

 

Note:    424 students at McClelland are taking AP course and only 2 took the test and passed it.  The enrollment is 864 so they are putting half the students in AP classes that don't have a chance of passing an AP course.  Less than 1 out of 200 pass the AP test.  They have a 64% graduation rate and 88% remediation rate.  16.7 composite ACT.  State ACT is 20.5. 

 

Parkview has 679 students taking AP and 174 pass the tests or 26%,  Parkview has 60% of their students taking the test (Their enrollment is 1129.)  Jonesboro has 271 students taking AP and 112 passing so 41% are passing the test. State has 24% passing the test on AP. State has a total of 24,327 taking  AP and 5,881 pass the test or 24%.  (This is 2005 record, latest on ADE at this time)

 

Little Rock Magnet Schools.  Some or all of these are magnet schools for three districts in Pulaski County, Little Rock, North Little Rock, and Pulaski County 2005-2006 http://adedata.k12.ar.us/FY05_06/Schools/Enrollments%20by%20School_report.ADE

School LEA

School Name

R          A          C          E

 G E N D E R

Total

Asian

Black

Hispanic

Native

White

Male Count

Females

5703012

MENA HIGH SCHOOL

10

2

16

9

599

309

327

636

6001006

BOOKER ARTS MAGNET ELEM. SCH.

4

324

22

4

253

297

310

607

6001007

DUNBAR MAGNET MIDDLE SCHOOL

18

531

43

1

218

436

375

811

6001009

FOREST HEIGHTS MIDDLE SCHOOL

8

531

16

0

121

358

318

676

6001010

PULASKI HEIGHTS MIDDLE SCHOOL

6

411

8

2

307

381

353

734

6001011

SOUTHWEST MIDDLE SCHOOL

3

419

18

1

19

222

238

460

6001013

HENDERSON MIDDLE SCHOOL

10

503

52

0

65

303

327

630

6001017

BALE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

8

239

24

1

22

134

160

294

6001018

BRADY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

5

301

12

1

35

179

175

354

6001020

MCDERMOTT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

10

274

32

1

101

208

210

418

6001021

CARVER MAGNET ELEM. SCHOOL

14

276

12

6

205

283

230

513

6001023

FAIR PARK EARLY CHILDHOOD CTR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6001024

FOREST PARK ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

10

72

5

2

278

194

173

367

6001025

FRANKLIN INCENTIVE ELEM. SCH.

0

373

2

1

10

191

195

386

6001027

GIBBS MAGNET ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

13

158

8

1

117

158

139

297

6001029

WESTERN HILLS ELEM. SCHOOL

0

206

14

2

44

123

143

266

6001030

JEFFERSON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

4

135

2

0

261

202

200

402

6001033

MEADOWCLIFF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

1

258

27

0

38

170

154

324

6001035

M.L. KING MAGNET ELEM. SCHOOL

11

361

4

4

162

278

264

542

6001038

PULASKI HEIGHTS ELEM. SCHOOL

6

146

7

0

155

167

147

314

6001039

RIGHTSELL INCENTIVE ELEM. SCH.

1

178

0

1

4

81

103

184

6001040

ROMINE INTERDIST. ELEM. SCHOOL

1

243

40

1

25

167

143

310

6001041

STEPHENS ELEMENTARY

0

459

6

1

9

244

231

475

6001042

WASHINGTON MAGNET ELEM. SCHOOL

10

453

35

1

67

290

276

566

6001043

WILLIAMS MAGNET ELEM. SCHOOL

42

233

7

1

177

226

234

460

6001044

WILSON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

2

226

15

1

14

146

112

258

6001045

WOODRUFF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

0

187

1

0

14

108

94

202

6001047

TERRY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

34

349

54

3

176

293

323

616

6001048

FULBRIGHT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

11

148

16

3

417

300

295

595

6001050

ROCKEFELLER INCENTIVE ELEM.

2

293

7

0

70

173

199

372

6001052

BASELINE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

2

193

51

1

17

142

122

264

6001053

CHICOT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

0

362

99

1

26

262

226

488

6001054

CLOVERDALE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

1

85

19

1

7

64

49

113

6001055

DAVID O'DODD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

0

143

46

0

66

153

102

255

6001056

GEYER SPRINGS ELEM. SCHOOL

0

266

15

0

14

135

160

295

6001057

MABELVALE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

1

208

20

1

37

139

128

267

6001058

OTTER CREEK ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

5

349

40

3

143

271

269

540

6001059

WAKEFIELD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

0

340

96

1

17

243

211

454

6001060

WATSON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

2

384

27

1

7

230

191

421

6001061

CLOVERDALE MIDDLE SCHOOL

1

491

116

1

27

322

314

636

6001062

MABELVALE MIDDLE SCHOOL

0

519

17

0

77

309

304

613

6001063

J.A. FAIR HIGH SCHOOL

5

1006

27

4

127

580

589

1169

6001064

MCCLELLAN MAGNET HIGH SCHOOL

3

779

31

1

50

402

462

864

6001066

ALTERNATIVE LEARNING CENTER

0

273

4

0

10

200

87

287

6001067

ALTERNATIVE AGENCIES

2

1

0

0

36

21

18

39

6001068

ACCELERATED LEARNING PROGRAM

0

109

1

1

18

66

63

129

6001703

FELDER ALTERNATIVE ACADEMY

6001001

CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL

76

1273

35

5

1033

1196

1226

2422

6001002

HALL HIGH SCHOOL

16

1083

138

1

151

701

688

1389

6001003

MANN MAGNET MIDDLE SCHOOL

28

429

28

0

365

325

525

850

6001004

METROPOLITAN VO-TECH SCHOOL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6001005

PARKVIEW MAGNET HIGH SCHOOL

23

559

43

8

496

502

627

1129

 

http://adedata.k12.ar.us/FY05_06/District/Enrollment%20by%20District_report.ADE

Enrollment by race and gender 2005-2006

LEA

District Name

R        A        C        E

Male Count

Female Count

Total

Asian

Black

Hispanic

Native

White

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6001000

Little Rock School District

399

17,173

1,343

69

6,111

12,602

12,493

25,095

6002000

N. Little Rock School District

45

5,450

409

11

3,453

4,774

4,594

9,368

6003000

Pulaski Co. Spec. School Dist.

216

7,540

528

36

9,623

9,283

8,660

17,943

 

Enrollment by grade 2005-2006

http://adedata.k12.ar.us/FY05_06/District/Enrollment%20by%20District%20and%20Grade.ADE?current_page=4&lea_per_page=40&order=dist_lea%20ASC

LEA

District Name

G       R       A       D       E       S

Un

Graded

Total

K

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

*GED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6001000

 Little Rock School District

2175

2124

2049

2043

1928

1933

1921

1811

1774

2302

1976

1686

1373

0

0

25,095

60% of students in 9th grade made it to 12th grade.