"animal id – bullet points"



LEARNING FROM OTHERS..."No tag will ever control or prevent disease"

See last paragraph  for this issue.

For several years, the USDA has been working with the largest-scale animal industry organizations (for example, the National Pork Producers, Monsanto Co. and Cargill Meat) to develop a mandatory "National Animal Identification System (NAIS). However, most small scale livestock producers, people who raise animals for their own food, and people who keep horses or livestock as companion animals do not know about the USDA's plans.


The NAIS Will


Increase exponentially the cost of food for the farmer and the consumer.

Cost the American economy far more than it will deliver.

Drive small producers out of the market.

Will not accomplish its purported purpose of controlling disease and may make it worse.

Circumvent the will of the people and the legislative branches of government

Erode our sovereignty as we fulfill international  agreements without consent of the US citizens.

Invade Americans' personal privacy  and property rights to a degree never before tolerated.

Violate the US Constitution.

Violate the religious freedom of Americans whose beliefs make it impossible for them to comply

Impose unbearable burdens on farmers who will be overwhelmed with bureaucracy & paper work with no profit to show from it.

Make people abandon raising animals for their own food.

Impose such restrictive measures on the movement of animals to such a degree that the recreational use of horses and other animals will  cease to exist.


The Negative Effects


Eradication of Small Farms and Exponential Increases in Food Prices and Taxes  - People with just a few meat animals or 40-cow dairies are already on the edge financially. The USDA plan will force many of them to give up farming. There are no controls over what identification devices would cost. Farmers are being told "that an electronic tag for a calf would cost about $3.00; however, Australians were told the same thing and they are now paying $35 to $37 per tag. In England the cost is reported to be $69 per animal. A producer could possibly absorb that cost when selling a calf, but a sheep or a goat tag that cost that much would take most, if not all, of the profit out of selling an animal. A weanling pig sells for $25 to $50. If a computer chip cost $20, the animal owner could not make a profit when selling the pig.


Combine the cost of the chip and the minimum $20 cost to have a veterinarian draw blood to satisfy state regulations and the pig owner is in the hole before the pig is offered for sale—even before adding sow, boar, and pig feed costs, facility expenses, health care expenses, and hauling expenses.  Producers can not stay in business if they do not generate a profit.


Increase The Cost of  Food Prices and Taxes Exponentially - All these added costs will only increase the price of food exponentially; and when there is a total monopoly on livestock production, they can control the prices and increase it even more like they are with gasoline.   Since 1994, more than 122,000 cattle ranches and farms have exited the beef cattle business.  Concentration among meatpackers has more than tripled since the late 1970s, and today just four beef-packing companies control more than 83% of the industry. This program will be so expensive that someone will have to foot the bill, and mention has already been made that the costs will be so exorbitant that the  government will subsidize the cost – and that means our tax money.  Only those involved have any idea of how many different ways these costs will be incurred in the raising and selling of  livestock.


(A) Senate Testimony to US Senate Committee on Agriculture on behalf of Arkansas Animal Producer's Association (ARAPA) at the request of Senator Blanche Lincoln. by Jane Williams July 26, 06  http://arkansasanimalproducers.8k.com/whats_new.html

(B) "Animal ID Problems in Other Countries. http://arkansasanimalproducers.8k.com/whats_new_4.html 

(C)   "R-CALF Director testifies at Iowa Farm Bill hearing"



Animal ID Will Not Accomplish the Stated Purpose of  Controlling Animal Diseases and could make the situation worse. - Creekstone  Farms in Kansas has actually  sued the USDA because they won't allow them to test for mad cow disease – not even  to satisfy Japanese import regulations so they can export their cattle.  9 (Research proves this is a true statement) Japan has enough confidence in the test  to require it and Consumers Union advocates testing every animal slaughtered in the United States.

Skip directly to the full story.


While NAIS is now touted as needed for disease tracking, it was actually developed more than a year and a half before the first case of Mad Cow was found in the U.S.  Further, the first two cases of mad cow disease in the US came from Canada, and the USDA did not make this known for two months after the finding, leaving the world to believe they were of US origin, causing loss of exports for US


The US imports cattle from Mexico and Canada.  A lot of them originate in countries from which  the US doesn't usually import. Cattle could be imported from other countries without the same standards as US. Cattle.  They can be chipped or tagged after they arrive here and then either mingle with the US cattle.  Nothing in the standards would prevent these cattle from being sent directly  to a slaughter house according to p 26 of the "Draft Program Standards  Only the government could be blind enough to see that this  fact in itself  would defeat any possible disease control gained through animal ID in the US.  It would also give many other countries  an advantage in price competition since they don't have to pay for all the animal ID costs. 


 (A) March 23, 06 4TH LD: U.S. beef producer sues USDA to seek blanket BSE testing+ http://www.tmcnet.com/scripts/print-page.aspx?PagePrint=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.tmcnet.com%2Fusubmit%2F2006%2F03%2F23%2F1485639.htm 

(B)  Section NAIS  History 101 "NAIS:  Are you Ready?" By Karin Bergener http://www.thegaitedhorse.com/nais.htm  Section NAIS  History 101 and "Animal ID

(C) NAIS Draft Program Standards http://animalid.aphis.usda.gov/nais/about/pdf/NAIS_Draft_Program_Standards_42505.pd

(D)Government To Greatly Reduce Testing For Mad Cow Disease" by Libby Quaid  http://www.tbo.com/news/money/MGBYVV0VVPE.html and Liberty Ark home page: http://libertyark.net/

               (E) "Why you should oppose the USDA's mandatory property and animal surveillance program" by Mary Anon, ph.d (Cornell), j.d. (yale), executive director of farm for life  http://www.bantamclub.com/hobby/Why%20You%20Should%20Oppose.pdf. 


Extreme Damage to Personal Privacy  -   Legally, livestock animals are a form of personal property. It is unprecedented for the United States government to conduct large-scale computer-aided surveillance of its citizens simply because they own a common type of property. (The only exceptions are registration of motor vehicles and guns, due to their clear inherent dangers - but they are registered at the state level, not by the federal government. The NAIS would actually subject the owner of a chicken to far more surveillance than the owner of a gun. Surveillance of small-scale livestock owners is like the government subjecting people to surveillance for owning a couch, a TV, a lawnmower. What about non-livestock animals? Will the government next want to register all cats, dogs and parakeets, and demand the global positioning coordinates of their owners' houses and apartments?


Loss of Sovereignty - "NAIS was spawned by international entanglements not by consumers and the need for protection from diseases as the public is being led to believe.  We are now complying with the international mandates imposed by treaties that are violating  our own constitution.   The World Trade Organization (WTO) and other organizations with these acronyms:  SPS, TBT,  FAO, Codex, and OIE  and NAIS are all interrelated and usurp the authority of  our people and legislative bodies. 6.


(A) NAIS SPAWNED BY INTERNATIONAL ENTANGLEMENTS by Doreen Hannes http://libertyark.net/articles/hannes-040106.html 

(B)  to Comment 5 on this link: http://nonais.org/index.php/2006/04/11/downsize-dc-on-nais/


Dictatorial Power of Secretary of Agriculture Circumventing Legislative Bodies - The USDA is circumventing the legislative branch and allowing  the Secretary of Agriculture dictatorial power.  NAIS Draft guidelines p. 9  state that the Animal Health Protection Act (AHPA) ….provides ample authority to establish and implement either a mandatory or voluntary system of animal identification."  Two Congresses have tried, but failed, to pass legislation that would amend the Act to provide for a mandatory electronic tracking system for individual heads of livestock. Currently, there are three bills in Congress, trying to give postdated authority to the NAIS - HR 3170, and two companion bills, HR 1254 & 1256. If USDA is correct in asserting that it has authority, why does Congress keep attempting to pass legislation to give it to them?  .


Loss of the True Security of Organic and Local Foods - The NAIS is touted by the USDA and agricorporations as a way to make our food supply "secure" against diseases or terrorism. However, most people instinctively understand that real food security comes from raising food yourself or buying from a local farmer you actually know. The USDA plan will only kill off more local sources of production and further promote the giant industrial methods which cause many food safety and disease problems.


Burden on Religious Freedom - Many adherents of plain (and other) faiths raise their own food animals and use animals in farming and transportation because their beliefs require them to live this way. Such people obviously cannot comply with the USDA's computerized, technology-dependent system. The NAIS will force these people to violate their religious beliefs.


Most of Information above comes from "Why you should oppose the USDA's mandatory property and animal surveillance program" by Mary Anon, ph.d (Cornell), j.d. (yale), executive director of farm for life  http://www.bantamclub.com/hobby/Why%20You%20Should%20Oppose.pdf.  Also on http://arkansasanimalproducers.8k.com/about_1.html 2nd article


Complying with NAIS through the Farm Premises ID  would put farms under  USDA jurisdiction.  That would allow USDA employees to come on the farm at any time and do anything they chose. Executive Order 10998 pr9vides for the confiscation of farm equipment, fertilizer, animal food, human food and livestock in the event of a declaration of a national emergency. 


Restrictive impositions on transfer of animals. - The NAIS would actually subject the owner of a horse to far more surveillance than the owner of a gun. You can freely take a shotgun to your neighbor’s property, but if your children ride their ponies there, that will have to be registered with the government. Under NAIS, the owner of each animal will be required to report that animal’s movements to the government. As defined in the Draft Strategic Plan, if you own any of the animals on the list, this means reporting every time an animal leaves or enters the property, loses a tag, has a tag replaced, goes missing or dies. Every time an animal goes onto or off of a premises, a report would be required to show that the tagged animal had been on each of these other premises. A ride across a neighbor’sland, for instance, would require you to file a report of your horse leaving and returning to your land, as well as a report of it entering and leaving the neighbor’s. These reports must be filed within 24 hours.   A brief list includes: Vet, Farrier, Shows, CTR, Endurance Rides, 4H meetings, Trainer, Stables commingling horses, Trail rides, public and private.   The animals listed on  NAIS are Alpacas, Bison, Cattle, Chickens, Deer, Ducks, Elk, Goats, Horses, Llamas, Pigs, Sheep. NAIS:  Are you Ready? By Karin Bergener   Karin Bergener, who  is an attorney and agricultural law activist in Ohio, is author of an excellent long article that covers almost every aspect of  Animal ID.  Following are the topics she discusses at this link..   http://www.thegaitedhorse.com/nais.htm


Other Problems:


Faulty Research: The claim by the USDA that Animal ID is the solution to diseases like mad cow disease is based on faulty scientific studies and research.  Real problem is not being addressed. 




Mandatory Compliance (even though USDA claims it is voluntary): USDA’s claim in the GUIDE that NAIS is “voluntary” is just as untruthful as the same claim in the Implementation Plan. Remember, the NAIS Implementation Plan released on April 6, 2006 says that USDA will make NAIS mandatory if they do not get “FULL COMPLIANCE” in the “voluntary” program. http://arkansasanimalproducers.8k.com/about_1.html  "You Won't Catch Us Lying Down on the Anti-NAIS Job by Mary Zanoni, P.O. Box 501, Canton, New York 13617 315-386-3199 mlz@...


Exponential Increase in Cost to Farmer and Consumer -  USDA for the first time admits that all animal owners will be charged a fee every time they have to report to the Animal Tracking Databases. The Guide states: “Because the animal tracking database infrastructure is still being developed, and it is to be privately held, it is difficult to discuss costs for this part of NAIS with any accuracy. But, because these will be privately held databases, we anticipate that producers will have various options and that
competition among databases will help keep costs down.” (Guide, p. 9; emphasis added.) There it is, folks – you can expect that those “private” members of the “public/private partnership” who will have a chokehold on the Animal Tracking Databases will be charging you whatever the traffic will bear, every time you buy, sell, tag, retag, slaughter, etc. etc. every single animal. Oh, and that “competition among databases” that the USDA vaguely hopes might “keep costs down”? 


"You Won't Catch Us Lying Down on the Anti-NAIS Job by Mary Zanoni



Bottomless Pit for Increase in Cost and Bottomless Pit for Bureaucracy: if the USDA is allowed to create  NAIS, it will be a bottomless pit down which the feds, the states, and every farmer and animal owner in America will be forever throwing cash. http://arkansasanimalproducers.8k.com/about_1.html  "You Won't Catch Us Lying Down on the Anti-NAIS Job by Mary Zanoni, P.O. Box 501, Canton, New York 13617 315-386-3199 mlz@...


No Profit For Independent Farmers.  An animal owner must make a profit when they sell their animals. The current Arkansas regulations for some livestock combined with the additional costs of electronic tagging and the added costs in commissions paid to sale barns because of their added costs of installing required equipment would establish a no profit arrangement for many species of animals. Independent farmers who are not making a profit will go out of business. They comprise 85% of the sale barn customers, so many sale barns will close. Feed stores, mom and pop stores, large animal vet clinics etc. will close as the independent livestock producer is forced out of business. Since the corporate hog and poultry houses will only have to identify each load or house of animals, the independent producer, who must tag every animal, will be placed at an economic disadvantage. 




Animal Problems In Other Countries:  The United Kingdom's animal indentification program has been in place for several years and certainly provides a model of how not to operate. Cattle are tracked in the U.K. using a paper passport system that requires there to be a very involved paper trail for every movement of livestock. Subsidies are tied to this passport system as a way to force producers to comply. All cattle, dairy and beef, born in or imported into the U.K. since July 1996 must have a passport even if the animal is still on the property that was its birthplace. This passport must remain with the animal throughout its life. Producers must record all details relating to that animal including: ear-tag, date of birth, sex, breed, dam, the date and location of all movements on and off the property, and information regarding each death.  See this link for problems in other countries: Australia, Canada and United Kingdom




LEARNING FROM OTHERS..." (Other Countries) No tag will ever control or prevent disease" Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom have national animal identification programs in place that are proof positive that these programs, if not impossible to administer, are nearly impossible to administer well.   The very incident that propelled a national animal identification program to the forefront of the USDA agenda demonstrate that these programs do not necessarily work. The positive cow of Canadian origin was not disclosed until well after our trading partners banned all U.S. beef because the deafening silence from USDA on the matter implied she was of U.S. origin. USDA, to this day, has yet to fully explain why there was any delay in reporting her foreign origin even though she had a Canadian import ear tag. If USDA and Canadian officials can not identify an animal with a Canadian import tag as being of Canadian origin, or at the very least, not of U.S. origin within 1 day, there is a large problem involving lack of ability, credibility or perhaps even malfeasance on both their parts. Australia had 11 million livestock on their database that did not exist.


http://arkansasanimalproducers.8k.com/whats_new_4.html "  "Animal ID Problems in Other Countries.


  Legislation Introduced in US House Republican Congressman Peter King has a bill before Congress that will mandate data (Quotes from the bill H.R.3170) http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=109_cong_bills&docid=f:h3170ih.txt.pdf

" (a) Establishment- There is established a board to be known as the `Livestock Identification Board'.
(b) Duties- The duties of the Board shall be to--
(1) establish and maintain an electronic livestock identification system that--
(A) is capable of tracing all livestock in the United States from the time of first movement of the livestock from its original premise to the time of slaughter of such livestock in less than 48 hours;
(B) tracks all relevant information about the livestock, including--
(i) the livestock identification number or the group or lot identification number for the livestock, as applicable;
(ii) the date the livestock identification number or the group or lot identification number was assigned;
(iii) the premise identification number;
(iv) the species of the livestock;
(v) the date of birth of the livestock, to the extent possible;
(vi) the sex of the livestock;
(vii) any other information the Board considers appropriate for animal disease surveillance; and
(viii) any other information that the person who owns or controls the livestock voluntarily submits to the Board;
(2) maintain information obtained through the livestock identification system in a centralized data system; and
(3) determine the official identification technology to be used to track animals under the livestock identification system."


The "technology" they are talking about can only be something like an RFID chip. This program is supposedly already being tested on some farms. As nutty as it sounds, this one might pass unless we ask our Congressmen to vote it down.


Other great articles on Animal ID


I. Liberty Ark home page: http://libertyark.net/ has one of the best, simplest explanations of NAIS with these topics covered


The likely outcome of NAIS

The Federal Plan


The Alleged Rationale: Disease Control

The Alleged Rationale: Disease Control

The Real Reasons

The Secondary Alleged Rationale: The Export Market

A Technological Nightmare

Eradication of Small Farms

Loss of the True Security of Organic and Local Foods

Destruction of Personal Property Rights as We Know Them

Extreme Damage to Personal Privacy

Insult to Animal Welfare

Burden on Religious Freedom

Extraordinary Costs without Value




II NAIS:  Are you Ready? By Karin Bergener   Karin Bergener, who  is an attorney and agricultural law activist in Ohio, is author of an excellent long article that covers almost every aspect of  Animal ID.  Following are the topics she discusses at this link..   http://www.thegaitedhorse.com/nais.htm 


What is NAIS? (Premises Registration, Animal Tagging, Animal Tracking)

NAIS History 101

The Federal Plan

Have I Voluntarily Registered?

So Why Do We Need NAIS?

Problems with NAIS

System Reliability

System Compatibility


The Database Myth

Constitutional Issues (Property, Privacy, Religious Freedom

So Who Wins with the NAIS?

Shifting to State Actions


Movement Against Animal ID


III  NAIS  Spawned By International Entanglements by Doreen Hannes is the best article on the international entanglements  and international agreements and treaties and history of NAIS. http://libertyark.net/articles/hannes-040106.html